Laparoscopic Spay


A laparoscopic or keyhole spay in the dog is the term used to describe the procedure of sterilisation using a minimally invasive or keyhole technique. There are two sterilisation techniques available; ovariectomy (removal of the ovaries alone) and ovariohysterectomy (removal of the ovaries and the uterus). Either procedure can be performed at this practice but an ovariectomy is the preferred technique. This is a simpler surgical procedure than the ovariohysterectomy to perform, offering the advantage of reduced surgical time for the patient. Consequently if no abnormalities of the uterus are seen during the operation, then this procedure would be performed.

The procedure involves making two small skin incisions in the midline of the abdomen. The use of a laparoscope allows the structures to be visualised with magnification. There is minimal to no bleeding, as the blood vessels are sealed with electrocautrey and there is minimal handling of other tissues and less resultant trauma. The ovaries are removed via the very small instrument incisions which are closed without the need for skin sutures.

The benefits of this procedure over conventional spays are; less trauma, faster recovery times, less post-operative pain, small skin wounds with no sutures and less risk of wound breakdown complications and infections.

Very rarely the procedure cannot be performed via a laparoscope and the procedure is converted to a conventional spay.